This biography of Chicago's George "Bugs" Moran was based on information found in a number of wonderful sources. To portray the man in more than the single dimension of "gangster," and to instead exhibit his story as a maneuvering of time and place, was no easy job. Depending on the source, and the author, the many books I researched ranged from surface rat-a-tat-tat exploitation to scholarly appreciation of the human side of the gangster warfare in Twenties Chicago. Even among the better sources, then came the task of selecting the most accurate and telling account of George Moran's role in the time and place. It is, after all, surprising how many versions exist of various episodes related to his life; history is often conjecture and, again depending on the book and the author, I opted to choose the best "conjecturing". Following are the sources that I found most accurate and well-displayed:




Enright, Richard T. (Cowdery, Ray R., ed.)     Capone's Chicago  Lakeville, MN:Northstar -Maschek Books, 1987.

Hecht, Ben     1001 Afternoons in Chicago     Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Johnson, Curt, w/Sautter, R. Craig   Wicked City     Highland Park, IL: December Press, 1994.

Lindberg, Richard  Return to the Scene of the Crime – Chicago  Nashville, TN: Cumberland House, 1999.

Lowe, David   Lost Chicago   NY: American Legacy Press, 1985.

Lyle, John H.     The Dry and Lawless Years     Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1960.

Nash, Jay Robert     Bloodletters and Badmen     NY: M. Evans and Company, 1995.

Nash, Jay Robert     Dictionary of Crime     NY: Paragon House, 1992.

O'Brien, Howard Vincent     "Illinois: First Province of the Middle Kingdom" article from These United States – Portraits of America From the 1920s, (ed. Daniel H.Borus)     NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Schoenberg, Robert J.   Mr. Capone   NY: William Morrow and Co., 1992.

Sifakis, C.   Encyclopedia of Crime   NY: Facts on File Press, 1982.

Woodford, Jack     My Years With Capone     Chicago: Future Publications, Woodford Memorial Edition, 1985.

Zion, Sidney   Loyalty and Betrayal: The Story of the American Mob   San Francisco: Collins Publishers, 1994.


Da Mob website


Mrs. Jeannette O'Grady for her personal recollections of Chicago in the 1920s.

1. Chicago's Own

2. Pals

3. Beer Barrel Bonanza

4. Battlefield Chicago

5. Bugs, Himself

6. Quest for the Mafia

7. St. Valentine's Day

8. Goodbye, Chicago

9. Bibliography

10. The Author
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