Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

The Assassination of President William McKinley


A special thanks to Professor Susan Eck of S.U.N.Y. at Buffalo who maintains The Pan American Exposition 1901 website at

Chicago Daily Tribune, "Speech That Prompted Murderous Assault on the President," September 7, 1901.

Evans, Harold, The American Century. Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Grant, Robert. Cosmopolitan, September, 1901 from

Leech, Margaret, In the Days of McKinley. Harper and Brothers Publishers. 1959.

Morgan, H. Wayne, William McKinley and His America. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1963

Nash, Jay Robert, Encyclopedia of World Crime. Wilmette, IL: Crimebooks, Inc. 1990.

New York Times:
September 8, 1901,"The Assassin Makes a Full Confession," p. 1
"Assassin Known as a Rabid Anarchist," p.4; September 11, 1901
"Emma Goldman is Arrested in Chicago," p. 3; September 24
"Assassin Czolgosz on Trial in Buffalo," p. 1; September 25, 1901
"Czolgosz Guilty," p. 1; October 28, 1901,
"Plans For Execution of Assassin Czolgosz," p. 1; October 30, 1901
"Assassin Czolgosz is Executed at Auburn," p. 3.

Olcott, Charles S., The Life of William McKinley. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1916.

Tebbel, John and Watts, Sarah Miles (1985), The Press and the Presidency. Oxford University Press. 1985.

Wilson, Colin, True Crime. NYC: Carroll and Graf Publishers Inc.1998.


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